The Changes That Accompany Puberty

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Puberty is something people can't escape. It is a phase that everybody goes through as a part of growing up. It is at this point in one's life that the body starts transitioning from child to adult. But there just some parts of puberty that people don't really enjoy.

What changes happen during puberty?

A gamut of physical changes occur once a teenager hits puberty. These changes are brought on by hormonal changes that start off with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) being released to the pituitary gland to signal the production of leutenizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) into the blood stream. These two hormones then tell the body that it's time to change. The changes, however, are not the same in young men and young women as their anatomies are obviously different.

In boys, the LH and FSH will signal the testes to produce testosterone and kickstart the many changes. There may be a gradual increase in testicular size, a noticeable change in voice range, and prominent changes in the body structure as their testosterone works its way around the body.

In young girls, the LH and FSH stimulate the ovaries into producing estrogen. Once estrogen is produced, it works alongside the LH and FSH to slowly change the young girl's body. One obvious change would be that of breast development. It is also during puberty that the body starts preparing for menstruation. In terms of body changes, the body shape becomes more defined as fat distribution becomes more concentrated on the hips, buttocks, breast, and upper arms.

There are, however, changes that are common in both sexes. Those changes are: oily skin, growth of body and facial hair, and body odor.

Body hair
During puberty, both girls and boys start to develop body hair in places where they used to be none, like the legs, armpits, and pubic area. In terms of facial hair, young men start forming mustaches at this phase. In some cases, boys start growing thin beards as well. There are rare instances, however, where young women have develop facial hair during puberty.

Oily skin
The same androgens that trigger the growth of body and facial hair also stimulate oil secretion from the skin. This increased oil production by the skin can lead to acne breakouts. Most of time, during puberty, the skin isn't able to compensate for the excess oil production, so it accumulates in the pores and forms huge pimples called acne.

Sweat and body odor
As boys and girls undergo puberty, their sweat glands go on overdrive and thereby sweat more. This excessive sweating may lead to a more "adult" body odor. The difference in the smell of the sweat can be explained by the change in the fatty acid composition of the sweat brought on by puberty.

Some kids experience puberty at an earlier age, while some go through it later than the others. That's quite normal. We are all a little different from each other and may therefore develop at different times. There's no need to feel envious when you see people of the same age starting to develop curves while you're still the same. You'll soon catch on and go through the same things they are. It is inevitable for you to go through puberty, after all.

Abbey Grace Yap, is an active advocate for health consciousness and disease awareness. She possesses a deep passion in discovering new health-related information and sharing it to her readers. For more information on Ketoconazole and other health related articles from the author, visit

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