Abnormal Scars and How to Eliminate Them

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Two types of scars that are the consequence of the body over-synthesizing collagen, which will cause the scar to be raised above the bordering skin. Hypertrophic scars have the shape of a reddish elevated lump on the dermis, but will not get bigger beyond the boundaries of the original scar, and they generally improve in their look after a couple of years. Keloid scars are a more severe form of scarring, because these can keep increasing indefinitely into a large, tumorous (although benign) scar.



Each hypertrophic and keloid scarring are more usual on darker skinned and younger individuals. They can occur on anybody, but some individuals have an inherited tendency to these kinds of scarring. They are often originated due to surgery, an accident, or sometimes by acne. In several people, keloid scars appear spontaneously.



Despite the fact they are strictly a cosmetic issue, keloid scars are only inert accumulations of collagen and therefore absolutely inoffensive, painless, and non-contagious. They usually are most usual on the shoulders and chest. Keloid scars are most usual in the Asian and African-American population.




Alternately, a scar can take the form of a sunken recess in the skin, which has a pitted look. These are caused when underlying structures supporting the skin, like fat or muscle, are lost. This type of scarring is usually associated with acne, but can be caused by chickenpox, surgery or an accident.



Scars can also take the form of stretched skin. These are made when the skin is stretched rapidly (for instance during pregnancy, or teenage growth spurts), or when the affected area is put under tension during the healing process (commonly near joints). This type of scar commonly improves in appearance after a few years.



What Are the Treatments for Skin Scars?



No scar can ever be fully eliminated. They'll always leave a trace, but their look can be improved by a number of means.



SimpleTreatments



Some suggest that applying skin care products containing Vitamin E, taking vitamin E supplements, or acquiring a lot of vitamin E in a diet from sources like eggs, nuts, wheat germ, vegetable oils and green vegetables, can help speed up the healing mechanism, and lessen the formation of any scar afterwards.




Other studies, however, suggest that administering Vitamin E to post surgical scars does not minimize the size, shape, or color of scars and can, in up to one third of sufferers, end in contact dermatitis, allergic reactions, or other problems that can worsen a scar's look. (Source: Baumann, Dermatologic Surgery, 1999).



The Surgical Option



Any surgical scar removal will always yield a fresh scar that will probably take up to two years to stabilize. Surgery can never remove a scar but can be used to change its orientation or shape to make it less noticeable.



Surgery can often make the scar larger, but improve its overall look. Surgery can sometimes be needed to remove a scar on skin near a joint where it restricts movement, but it will leave another scar.



In the case of hypertrophic or keloid scars, surgery is not advised, as there is a high risk of re-occurrence of possibly worse scarring after surgery.

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