A brief history of the Vacuum Cleaner or the Hoover

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A brief history of vacuum cleaner begins over a century ago when an American inventor named Melville Ruben Presell made the first closest thing to a modern day vacuum. It had rather ubiquitous, rotating brushes and a large drum as a canister and a push handle. It was moved along the streets or the roads as carpets would be normally taken outside to be cleaned, the so called "Carpet Sweeper" would then be rolled over the carpets as it was drawn by either a horse or two or a small buggy.

Then in 1901 along came Hubert Cecil Booth, the British Engineer. He invented the "Puffin Billy" which consisted of a horse drawn carriage with an engine and a piston. He used the engine to pump out the air in the empty carriage to create a partial vacuum and suck in the air from outside with a big nozzle. In 1906 he also introduced the more compact version of the "Puffin Billy" known as the "Trolley vac". It was a mere 45 kg; a great invention at that age and time.

1908 brought about a new era of inventions including James Murray Spangler's nifty device which introduced the use of pillow cases as air filters. James was a janitor but he was also asthmatic. So he decided to use this useful but simple machine to clean carpets without dust flying everywhere. James mounted a sewing motor on a wooden box, made an incision down the back of the box and fitted fan blades through it. A broom handle made the handle and a leather strap made the on/off switch. Carpet sweeper brushes rotated to take the dusty air through the wooden box and filtered into the pillow case. The leather strap was pulled to start the motor. But due to James' financial situation he had to sell the patent to his close relative, William Hoover Boss. He started mass producing the new vacuum along with James as his lead designer. The first HOOVER, as you know it was born. In 1930 after the Great Depression Hoovers were upgraded to have an agile Bakelite body, convenient electrical and vacuum suction systems, improved vacuuming efficiency and increased overall performance. Hoovers were introduced to the mass consumer market and made its way continually up the ladder to being one of the important household items throughout the world.


The North American version of the Hoover finally started to be called VACUUM CLEANER as we know it now. In the modern day, there are basically five main types of vacuum that use the same principle of suction and filtering as the previous Hoovers.

Upright vacuum cleaner:

1.Moved along with a handle.

2.Intake port sucks in air with the help of an electric motor. The higher the power of the motor the better the suction.

3.Air moves up to the upright chamber and dust get trapped into the porous air filters, covering the chamber.

4.Clean air is pumped out through exhaust port.

Canister vacuum cleaner

1.Smaller in size, lightweight and usually portable.

2.Air filters are placed right after the nozzle.

3.Other principles are the same as Upright vacuum cleaner.

Wet and Dry Vacuum cleaner

1.Looks big and round and pulled along on small wheels

2.Air is taken in and passed through a spacious chamber (the bucket)

3.As outside air enters the spacious chamber, the air is slowed down and the heavier particles of liquid, dust and debris fall into the bucket.


Cyclone

1.Main body has canister full of tubes.

2.Air is sucked in and moved around in spiralling passageways at high speed.

3.This device introduces the use of centrifugal force to deposit the dust filter in the canister.

4.Device may have further air filters for better proficiency.

Robotic Vacuum cleaner

1.Use the conventional principle and suction and filtering, but the vacuum cleaner is basically a robot that works and cleans on its own.

So now you have the complete, brief history of vacuum cleaner or Hoovers. You can find plenty of the modern designs on the market with numerous brands, models, sizes, power and price tags. Pick the right one to suit your everyday needs.

If you want to learn more visit Best Hardwood Floor Vacuum where you will find the best vacuum cleaner on the most popular models on the market.

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